The Associated Press

WASHINGTON — Bernie Sanders announced on Tuesday a plan to tax the nation’s wealthiest households, saying it will generate more than $4 trillion over the next decade and substantially reduce billionaires’ fortunes — his version of Democratic presidential rival Elizabeth Warren’s signature proposal.

Sanders, a senator from Vermont, and Warren, a senator from Massachusetts, are longtime friends who agree on many major policy issues and have so far steadfastly refused to criticize one another on the campaign trail.

But the dueling “wealth taxes” signal they might have to compete more directly for support from the Democratic party’s liberal wing. A poll released in the key early voting state of New Hampshire showed Warren outpacing Sanders and in a close race for front runner status in a packed field with former Vice President Joe Biden — gains built in part on her drawing support from both.

The plan unveiled by Sanders seeks a 1 percent levy on households worth more than $32 million and proposes tax rates that would increase for wealthier people, up to 8 percent for $10 billion-plus fortunes.

The tax would affect about 180,000 households, or about 0.1 percent nationwide, according to Gabriel Zucman and Emmanuel Saez, economists at the University of California at Berkeley, who estimated it would raise about $4.35 trillion in government revenue by the 2028 budget year.

“We are going to take on the billionaire class, substantially reduce wealth inequality in America and stop our democracy from turning into a corrupt oligarchy,” Sanders said in a statement.

Warren proudly declares herself the candidate who “has a plan” for everything and supports a 2 percent wealth tax on households worth more than $50 million and has become so well known for the issue that large crowds at her rallies around the country have lately interrupted her speeches to chant “2 cents!” reminiscent of people chanting “Build the Wall” at President Donald Trump’s campaign events. Her campaign estimates the levy would raise $2.75 trillion over 10 years.

Sanders’ plan goes further because it starts on fortunes worth at least $32 million, far lower than Warren’s plan’s threshold. Warren also proposes increasing the wealth tax up to 3 percent on any net worth of more than $1 billion, while Sanders’ tax rates don’t top out until 8 percent for the richest Americans.

Zucman and Saez estimate that if Sanders’ system had been implemented in 1982, the wealth controlled by the richest Americans listed on the Forbes 400 “would be only 40 percent of what it is today.”

“A progressive wealth tax is the most direct policy tool to curb the growing concentration of wealth in the United States,” the economists wrote in a letter analyzing Sanders’ proposal.

Still, Kyle Pomerleau, chief economist at the conservative Tax Foundation, called Sanders’ proposal more “extreme” than what Warren has proposed. He said an 8 percent tax on assets of more than $10 billion would likely be higher than the investment returns on those holdings, such that billionaires would have a “large incentive to avoid the tax.”

The proposed tax might also prove an unreliable funding stream for Sanders’ signature issue, the “Medicare for All” universal health insurance program, which Warren also supports.

“A wealth tax of this magnitude would tend to shrink the amount of wealth held by billionaires over time,” Pomerleau said. “So he may be able to make his plans add up in the short run, but it becomes more questionable over time as the wealth tax raises less and less.”

Sanders says that’s the point, though, vowing that reducing “historic levels of inequality in America” can “rebuild” the nation’s middle class.

His proposal comes as Warren has spent months on the rise. A Monmouth University poll released Tuesday showed 27 percent of likely primary voters in New Hampshire supporting Warren, slightly more than Biden and doubling Sanders’ support. That follows a weekend poll released by The Des Moines Register, CNN and Mediacom which also had Warren narrowly topping the field in the state that kicks off the Democratic nominating contest.

In a memo emailed to supporters on Tuesday, Warren’s campaign detailed how it intends to keep the momentum going, including launching an advertising buy worth $10 million in Iowa and the next three states voting: New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina. Roger Lau, Warren’s campaign manager, wrote that the effort will be focused more on digital mediums rather than “old-school broadcast television” and mostly feature “in-house staff” making videos and ads, not the “consultant-driven approach of other campaigns.”

Warren’s team also plans to expand its door-knocking operations and its calling and texting of would-be supporters, while hiring state directors and organizers in many states that have primaries and caucuses in March, like delegate-rich California and Illinois. And her campaign is vowing to staff up in places it describes as critical for maintaining Democratic control of the House and taking back the Senate, such as Maine and Georgia.

“We’ve released dozens of plans in the past seven months,” Lau wrote, “but they’re really one big, simple plan: to break the stranglehold of corruption on Washington and put political and economic power in the hands of the people, where it belongs.”

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