The Illinois Economic Policy Institute proposed more than doubling the state’s motor fuel tax — from 34 cents to 85 cents — but a free market think tank said lawmakers should look at finding ways to cut costs before hiking the gas tax.
During a House hearing last week, Mary Craighead, from the Illinois Economic Policy Institute, said the roads in Illinois are so bad, and the backlog of infrastructure improvements is so large, that policymakers should increase the gas tax.
“The gasoline tax would need to be as high as 85 cents per gallon and a special fuel tax, which covers diesel fuel, would need to be as high as $1 per gallon to make up the shortfall,” Craighead said.
Competitive Enterprise Institute’s Marc Scribner said before talking about increases, policymakers should find ways to cut costs.
“We do have existing barriers — government procurement policies, prevailing wage requirements, project labor agreements — that do drive up the cost of delivery,” Scribner said.
The national Tax Foundation puts Illinois’ tax per gallon in 2017 eleventh highest at 34 cents. Increasing Illinois’ gas tax at 85 cents per gallon would make it about one-and-a-half times Pennsylvania’s 58 cents per gallon. Pennsylvania had the highest gas tax in the nation in 2017, according to the Tax Foundation.
Craighead said another idea is to increase the vehicle registration fee from $101 yearly to $578 per year.
“That’s a 472 percent increase,” Craighead said, adding the state needs to consider alternative funding mechanisms. “One of those being a vehicle miles traveled fee, and something between 4 to 5 cents per mile would generate nearly as much funding as needed here.”
Critics of a VMT, such as state Rep. Avery Bourne, R-Raymond, have raised concerns about such proposals in the past.
“A lot of us have to drive many, many miles to our workplace or to drop kids off at school or whatever the case may be,” Bourne told Illinois News Network in January. “It’s very different than city life where they may not be driving many miles at all.”
Competitive Enterprise Institute’s Marc Scribner said any VMT should be done with a pilot program first, where volunteers also would get the gas tax they pay at the pump reimbursed, or credited. If a VMT is made permanent, Scribner said it should not be levied on top of already existing fuel taxes.
Regardless, Scribner said raising taxes is easy, but “it’s much harder and it takes a lot more thought to actually address problems in existing policies.”